Tag Archives: Cultural

Business and Culture Complement Each Other – Typical Mutualism!

Business is an integral part of the society; and it influences other elements of the social system, which in turn affect business. The entire sphere of business activities are influenced by the social structure and culture of a society. The social system is influenced by the way the business functions, innovations, transmission and diffusion of information and new ideas etc. Business activities have greatly influenced social attitudes, values, outlooks, customs and traits. However, it is very difficult and, in some cases, almost impossible to change many elements of the social environment in the short run. Hence, a business may have to anticipate and adapt to these uncontrollable external environments.

Socio-cultural environment refers to the influence exercised by certain social factors, which are “beyond the company’s gate”. This includes attitude of people towards

  • Work
  • Wealth
  • Knowledge
  • Family
  • Marriage
  • Religion
  • Education
  • Ethics and social responsibility of business.

Culture is something that is evolved in a society over a long period and it represents the unified belief system of a large group of people. An organization can be distinguished from another by way of its culture, since organizational culture is unique in its perspective and methodology. When people from different social backgrounds are made to work under the same roof, a corporate organization acquires a distinct culture. Culture conveys a sense of identity for the organization. It facilitates the generation of commitment to do something noble than one’s own self-interest.

As business go international, the need for understanding and appreciating cultural differences across countries is essential. Any move from one country to another will create a certain amount of confusion, disorientation and emotional upheaval. Especially, people form Asian countries that migrate to the west are subjected to what is called a “culture shock”, in terms of attitude, working style, language, way of life, dress codes and negotiating styles. Freshers may adapt to these changes quickly, since they are raw and easy to be trained. The problem arises with individuals who had been working under a totally different cultural setup from that of the new cultural environment; they will have to undergo the process of ‘unlearning’, which is more like swapping old ideas for new ideas. This change process is what both the employees and the management find challenging; but ultimately what needs to be done has to be done.

Multi national and Trans national companies, which have business establishments in different parts of the world, must be prepared to cope with the culture shock. Since huge investments go into their projects, they have to think and analyze about all cultural and social aspects that have a definite impact on the working of organisations. For example, the work attitude of employees in the west might lay emphasis on services and results, oriented towards self-improvement; while that of the Asian counterparts may be patience and sacrifice rooted in emotions and loyalty.

Business can be considered as a large social network serving to satisfy economic and social interests; culture acts as the social glue that helps hold the organization together by providing appropriate standards for the behavior of organization members.

7 Easy Steps to Value a Cultured Pearl Necklace – The Necklace Pearl Admirers Love

When it comes to valuing a necklace, pearl necklaces do not have to be a mystery. 7 key steps can help you value a cultured pearl necklace with ease and confidence.

To begin, since each jeweler can have their own valuing system for pearl jewelry, e.g. triple A – A, A – D, etc., we will focus on sharing with you the underlying basics, as set forth by the Gemological Institute of America (GIA). The 7 key steps that follow will help you determine the value and quality of pearl necklaces. The 7 key steps are as follows:

1. Luster

The luster or the shine of a pearl is a critical factor in judging the quality of the pearl necklace. Pearl surface should not only emit a shine, but there should be a deep glow emanating from within the pearl. Therefore, a pearl with a shiny, deep glow would be considered more desirable than one with a dull or chalky appearance.

TIP: To assess luster, line-up the strand next to another strand of like quality to make the valuation easier.

2. Nacre

While luster is the most important differential of cultured pearl necklace quality, it is extremely important to assess the quality and thickness of the nacre when choosing a necklace. To meet the consumer demand for pearls, some pearl farmers remove the pearls from the oysters too soon and before the nacre has thickened. As a rule of thumb, desirable thickness would be equivalent to 4 crisp bills laid flat. Therefore, pearl necklaces with a thick layer of nacre are more valuable.

TIP: If when rotating the necklace between your fingers causes the beads to emulate a winking at you, then this could be a sign of thin nacre since the marbled bead is too visible beneath the nacre.

3. Surface

If you want to ensure that the pearl necklace that you purchase will last, you should examine the surface of the pearls and look for any existing damage. Should the pearls already show damage, such as chipping, cracking or peeling, especially around the drill holes, they should not be purchased. This type of damage is likely to grow worse over time. The fewer blemishes that a pearl has, the more valuable it is.

TIP: To determine the authenticity of a pearl necklace, gently rub the pearl surface against your teeth. If it is rough and gritty, it is real. Smooth and silky means that it is probably not real.

4. Shape

In general, the rounder the pearl, the more valuable it is. Pearls with a beaded core are almost always perfectly round. However, it is also worth noting that non-round pearls, like baroque, could be considered valuable, too, as they are so unique and fashionable.

5. Size

For the most part, larger pearls mean a more valuable necklace. Pearl size is measured in millimeters (mm), ranging from 1mm to 20mm.

6. Matching

With pearls being created organically, it is extremely rare that two will be exact. Therefore, when pearls are gathered to make a piece of jewelry, pearls that are closely similar will make the piece of jewelry more desirable.

7. Color

Colors are almost unlimited. For the most part though, color does not really impact the value. However, depending on the type of pearl, some colors can be considered more highly desirable than others. In addition to the dominant color of the pearl, pearls can also exhibit overtones. Overtones are a slightly different color than the dominant color. For example, a white pearl can have a hint of rose.

Being educated regarding your cultured pearl necklace will not only help you feel more comfortable about your purchase, but will help give you the confidence to shop with ease the next time you decide to add to your pearl jewelry collection or to purchase some as a gift. Besides, learning about pearl necklaces is fun!